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The Palace is the great monument that grows in the town centre and accentuates its character

Vítor Serrão, Art historian

Everything in Sintra is divine There is no corner that is not a poem

Eça de Queirós, Os Maias, 1888

Vergílio Ferreira,

I give and bestow upon you, Queen Isabel my wife, for all the days in your life, my towns of Sintra

Rei Dom Dinis, last quarter of the 13th century

Two domed chimneys, dominated the whole building

Hans Christian Andersen, A Visit to Portugal, 1866

History

Timeline Esquerda

2007

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Parques de Sintra takes over the management of the National Palace of Pena.

Timeline Esquerda

1995

UNESCO classifies the hills and historical town of Sintra as World Heritage Cultural Landscape, the first to receive this category in Europe. The Palace and Park of Pena fall within the scope of this classification.

Timeline Esquerda

1910

Fotografia do rei Dom Manuel segundo, 1908-1910.

With the declaration of the Republic, the royal family departs for exile with King Manuel II thus becoming the last king to reside in Pena.

Timeline Esquerda

1890

Fotografia antiga com vista do Chalet da Condessa d'Edla e do Palácio da Pena, 1870

Following a judicial process, the Countess agrees to the sale of the Palace and Park of Pena to the state and receiving the lifelong right to reside in and benefit from the Chalet and Garden (which she rescinds in 1904).

Timeline Esquerda

1869

Fotografia antiga de D. Fernando segundo e Elise Hensler (Condessa D'Edla).

Marriage of King Ferdinand II and Elise Hensler, who is bestowed with the title of the Countess of Edla by King Ferdinand’s cousin, the reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Ernest II.

Timeline Esquerda

1864

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King Ferdinand and Elise Hensler oversee work on the Chalet and the Garden surrounding the western flanks of the Park of Pena.

Timeline Esquerda

1854

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Completion of the mural decoration in the Visitor’s Room and the Main Room.

Timeline Esquerda

1843

Retrato do Barão de Eschwege.

Beginning of construction on the “New Palace”, undertaken by King Ferdinand and Queen Maria II under the supervision of Baron von Eschwege.

Timeline Esquerda

1838

Aguarela representando uma vista do Mosteiro da Pena

King Ferdinand II acquires the monastery and its respective grounds in a public auction.

Timeline Esquerda

1834

Gravura de cerca de 1834, com uma representação do Mosteiro da Pena.

Abolition of religious orders in Portugal and the abandoning of the monastery.

Timeline Esquerda

12th century

Chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Pena, or Penha in allusion to the Portuguese word for the huge boulders dotting the top of the hill on which the chapel got constructed.

Timeline Direita2000

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Parques de Sintra takes over the management of the Park of Pena and its adjoining hunting grounds.

Timeline Direita1911

The now National Palace of Pena opens to the public as a museum.

Timeline Direita1908

Reconstituição de época do Regicídio de D. Carlos I e do Príncipe Real, D. Luís Filipe.

Regicide of King Carlos I and the Royal Prince Luís Filipe.

Timeline Direita1885

Retrato de D. Fernando segundo.

Death of King Ferdinand II. The Palace and Park are left in his will to the Countess of Edla.

Timeline Direita1866-1867

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Acquisition of furniture and textiles for the Noble Hall, the Smoking Room and the Dining House.

Timeline Direita1860

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King Ferdinand meets the opera singer Elise Hensler and begins courting her.

Timeline Direita1853

Pintura da Rainha Dona Maria segunda. 1852.

Death of Queen Maria II.

Timeline Direita1839

Fotografia da Planta do projeto de recuperação do mosteiro-futuro Palácio.

Beginning of restoration work on the monastery.

Timeline Direita1836

Gravura representando Dom Fernando segundo, rei consorte de Portugal

Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (King Ferdinand II) marries Queen Maria II.

Timeline Direita1503

Pormenor de desenho com representação do Mosteiro da Pena, de 1509.

Beginning of the construction of the Royal Monastery of Our Lady of Pena, funded by King Manuel I. The Monastery is handed over to the Order of Saint Jerome.