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The Palace is the great monument that grows in the town centre and accentuates its character

Vítor Serrão, Art historian

Everything in Sintra is divine There is no corner that is not a poem

Eça de Queirós, Os Maias, 1888

Vergílio Ferreira,

I give and bestow upon you, Queen Isabel my wife, for all the days in your life, my towns of Sintra

Rei Dom Dinis, last quarter of the 13th century

Two domed chimneys, dominated the whole building

Hans Christian Andersen, A Visit to Portugal, 1866

History

Timeline Esquerda

2012

PNS27_PalNacfromMoorsCastle_Close_NoPeople_PN_16029

Parques de Sintra takes over managing the monument.

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1995

UNESCO classifies Sintra as a World Heritage Cultural Landscape.

Timeline Esquerda

1905

Historical visits and lunches at the Palace: the Duke of Connaught, Queen Alexander of Britain, Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany and Émile Loubet, President of the French Republic.

Timeline Esquerda

1892

Residence of Prince Luís Filipe and the infant King Manuel in the Palace while children.

Timeline Esquerda

1850

The Engineering Captain Jozé António de Abreu completes the oldest (hitherto known) layout plan of the palace and the Town of Sintra.

Timeline Esquerda

1827

Isabel Maria, Regent of Portugal, spends summer in the Palace.

Timeline Esquerda

1784-1787

Major campaign of restoration work in the Royal Palace of Sintra, supervised by the architect José Manuel de Carvalho e Negreiros.

Timeline Esquerda

1683

PNS14_timeline_Rei-D.-Afonso-VI

Death of King Afonso VI, who lay in state in the Magpies Room.

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1643

King João IV bestows Sintra on Queen Luísa de Gusmão, who visits the town in 1652.

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1584

Ilustração antiga contendo os retratos dos japoneses e jesuíta que constituíam a embaixada proveniente do Japão.

Four Christian Japanese princes are hosted at the Palace before they proceed onwards to Rome for an audience with the Pope.

Timeline Esquerda

1510

Vista para o exterior da Ala Manuelina, destacando-se as janelas com os ornamentos típicos desse período.

Beginning in 1510, King Manuel I orders the construction of the Manueline Wing.

Timeline Esquerda

1507

Master Diogo Boitaca carries out stonemasonry work at the Palace.

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1499

Pintura de uma galé com bandeira portuguesa, localizada no teto da Sala das Galés do Palácio Nacional de Sintra.

King Manuel I receives news of the discovery of the maritime route to India in Sintra.

Timeline Esquerda

1486

King João II nominates João Cordeiro master of works at the Royal Palace.

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1481

Retrato de Dom João segundo. Detalhe de pintura portuguesa de finais do século 16, cópia de um retrato desaparecido do século 15. ©F.C.D.M.

Acclamation of King João II in the north Palace courtyard.

Timeline Esquerda

1438

Vista da Sala das Pegas, na atualidade.

In the manuscript Measurements of the Houses of Cintra, inserted in Book of Advice by El-King Duarte (or The Charter Book), King Duarte refers to some spaces as the Magpies Room (Magpies Chamber).

Timeline Esquerda

1432

Retrato de Dom Afonso quinto, adulto, numa gravura de época.

Birth of King Afonso V in the Palace, where he would also end up passing away in 1481.

Timeline Esquerda

1386

Retrato de Dom João Primeiro, em pintura portuguesa do século 15.

Probable date for the beginning of the building campaign commissioned by King João I in the Royal Palace, overseen by João Garcia de Toledo, his master of works.

Timeline Esquerda

1372

Donation of the Town of Sintra by King Ferdinand I to Leonor Teles, his wife.

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1315

Donation of the Town of Sintra to Princess Isabel by King Dinis, her uncle, within the framework of his line of succession.

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1281

Royal charter of King Dinis ordering the maintenance of the Moorish Palace be undertaken by the free Moors of Colares.

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11th century

First reference to the “two castles […] of outer solidity” in Sintra, by the Arabic geographer Al-Bakrî.
Source: Al-Himyarî, Arabic geographer and historian.

Timeline Direita2002

Discovery, within an archaeological context, of a medieval ceramic oven in the Palace courtyard and the remains of 16th century columns with their polychrome decoration.

Timeline Direita1910

Proclamation of the Republic and the classification of the Palace as a National Monument.

Timeline Direita1903

Primeira página do primeiro capítulo do Livro “O Paço de Sintra”, com uma ilustração do Paço pela Rainha Dona Amélia.

The Count of Sabugosa writes O Paço de Cintra, the first “guide” to the Palace, illustrated with drawings by Queen Amélia.

Timeline Direita1885

Banquet in honour of Hermenegildo Capelo and Roberto Ivens, explorers of continental African.

Timeline Direita1842

Retrato miniatura da Rainha Dona Maria segunda.

Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II first spend summer in the Palace.

Timeline Direita1787

William Beckford visits the Palace of Sintra.

Timeline Direita1755

The Lisbon earthquake causes damage to the Palace.

Timeline Direita1674

Vista do Quarto Dom Afonso sexto na atualidade.

King Afonso VI is incarcerated in a Palace room through to his death nine years later.

Timeline Direita1590

Vista para o Altar-mor da Capela Palatina na atualidade, evidenciando o altar com azulejos de estilo mudéjar, pintura do retábulo e frescos com motivos de pombas nas paredes.

Diogo Teixeira carries out a new painting of the Pentecost for the altarpiece in the main Palatine Chapel, replacing that of Nuno Gonçalves.

Timeline Direita1517-1518

Panorâmica do interior da Sala dos Brasões, com destaque para o teto abobadado com os brasões das famílias portuguesas.

Work is completed on the Coat of Arms Tower.

Timeline Direita1507-1509

Desenho de Duarte de Armas, onde é visível o povoado de Sintra e o Paço. Livro das Fortalezas, 1509).

Duarte de Armas, squire to the Royal House, undertakes the book Book of Fortresses, with illustrations of the castles of Portugal, including three panoramic views taken do naturall from the Royal Palace of  Sintra. A priceless iconographic source as this pre-dates the campaign of construction subsequently carried out by King Manuel I.

Timeline Direita1501

Retrato de Dom Manuel primeiro, em gravura de época.

King Manuel I is informed in Sintra of the discovery of Brazil.

Timeline Direita1497

King Manuel I confirms João Cordeiro as master of Palace works.

Timeline Direita1484

King João II grants permission for residents in the town to hold the Espírito Santo Festival in the Prince’s Room, now the Swan Room.

Timeline Direita1470

Nuno Gonçalves, royal painter to King Afonso V, carries out the painting of the Pentecost for the central altarpiece in the main Palatine Chapel.

Timeline Direita1434

King Duarte names Diogo Gil as master of the Palace of Sintra maintenance works.

Timeline Direita1413

King João I receives at the Palace spies with information on the Port of Ceuta, whose conquest (1415) would mark the beginning of overseas expansion.

Timeline Direita1385

Donation of the Palaces of Sintra by King João I to the Count of Seia, Henrique Manuel de Vilhena. Nevertheless, in the wake of the count taking up residence in the Castle in 1386, his palace was confiscated.

Timeline Direita1334

King Afonso IV takes possession of Sintra, donating it to Queen Beatriz, princess of the kingdom of Castile.

Timeline Direita1287

Dona Isabel de Aragão, retratada como a Rainha Santa do milagre das rosas, em pintura do século 16.

Donation of Sintra by King Dinis to Queen Isabel of Aragon, the Saintly Queen.

Timeline Direita1147

End of Moorish rule in Sintra following the conquest of Lisbon by Afonso Henriques, the first King of Portugal.

Timeline DireitaMoorish Period

Construction of the Moorish fortress on the site where the subsequent Christian Palace now stands.